It can be easy to forget about Uncle Sam when you’re in the midst of day-to-day operations, but making tax mistakes can be costly for your small business. To help you prevent hearing the knock of the IRS at your door, here are five common tax-centric mistakes to ensure you avoid.
1. Failing to Send 1099s
As a small business, the IRS requires you to issue information forms to certain individuals and partnerships that you have paid throughout the year. You must fill out and remit 1099-MISC slips to both the IRS and the payee for cumulative annual payments over $600 for services, rents, awards and prizes, and certain other payments. (If you paid a corporation, you are generally not required to file a 1099-MISC form. Check the IRS publication here for full details on what payments are and are not included.)
Before issuing 1099-MISCs, you will be required to have payees fill out a W-9 form, which you keep on file. A W-9 provides you with the payee’s Social Security or taxpayer identification number. The 1099s must be sent out to payees by Jan. 31 of the subsequent year and to the IRS by Feb. 28 (for paper filers) or March 31 (for electronic filers). Penalties for not filing on time range from $30 to $250 for each 1099-MISC you’re required to send.
2. Mixing Business and Personal Expenses
Many new small-business owners operate out of their personal bank accounts and make purchases that are used for both business and personal purposes. The IRS is particularly interested in ensuring that only business-related expenses are being deducted for tax purposes, and not doing so can get you into hot water. Open a separate bank account for your business to keep monies apart. Keep detailed records of business purchases and of any business use of personal assets, such as a car or a home office.
3. Losing Track of Receipts
When you’re running around wearing all the hats for your business, it’s easy to stuff purchase receipts into your wallet or pants pocket, never to be seen again. However, you can’t deduct what you don’t document, and you could end up paying more taxes on your business income than you need to.
4. Getting Behind on Payroll and Sales-Tax Remittances
Cash-strapped business owners often have to juggle their finances to make sure the bills get paid. This can create a huge temptation to use money collected from sales tax and payroll to temporarily support operations, which can lead to filing returns late and owing funds to the IRS.
The government treats these funds very seriously and considers them to be held in trust. They should be deposited in a separate bank account and remitted on time to avoid penalties and interest. Collecting taxes and not remitting them also can, in extreme circumstances, lead to criminal charges.
5. Not Reporting Barter Transactions
In most cases, if you, for example, help your neighbor clean her gutters and she, in turn, babysits your kids, no taxable transaction has occurred. However, if you run a home-improvement business, it likely has.
Barter transactions — goods or services provided in exchange for other goods and services — must be treated as taxable business income when they relate to the business you are in. They are valued at the cost of what is being received. In the above example, the gutter cleaning would be assessed at the value of the babysitting received and added to your revenue figures on your tax return.
Paying attention to your business’s tax situation can save you the grief of an audit and, potentially, a significant amount of money. If you’re unsure about how to handle a transaction, talk with your accountant to get it handled the right way.